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Ladipo Adamolekun: The Quintessential Public Administration Scholar To Remember

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Olaopa Vows To Advertise Civil Service Vacancies

By Tunji Olaopa

The memories I carry about Professor Ladipo Adamolekun constitute some of my most cherished personal and professional memories. These are memories I have built up over the entire course of my intellectual molding and professional maturation. In my very long list of scholars and practitioners of public administration and public policy, from Chief Simeon Adebo to Dr. Pius Okigbo to Prof. Ojetunji Aboyade and from Prof. Adebayo Adedeji to Allison Ayida to Ahmed Joda, Prof. Adamolekun occupies a very unique memory space for me. Memories constitute a significant link to our past; a fundamental record of what had happened to us. This is why it is easy to agree with Mattie Stepanek, the American poet: “Keep all special thoughts and memories for lifetimes to come. Share these keepsakes with others to inspire hope and build from the past, which can bridge to the future.” Celebrating Prof. Adamolekun, for me, is a special service to memory— a living memory—of someone whose scholarship and public service speak significantly to the trajectory of public administration in Nigeria. He is a veritable embodiment of what used to be.

My mission in this piece, therefore, is to share my understanding of how this worthy patriot contains within himself a bridge to the future. A significant dimension of my memories of Prof. Adamolekun has to do with his supervision of my doctoral thesis. Around the year 2000, my second shot at a doctoral program was at a point where the necessity of traveling back and forth to Zaria demanded by my professional responsibilities as a bureaucrat was weighing heavily on it. At this point, my supervisor at the Ahmadu Bello University, the late Prof. Andrew Ohwona, had moved to Delta State University. It was also a period, at the Federal Ministry of Education, when I was at the forefront of the moves to re￾establish the National Open University. And with the opportunity I had to undertake study visits to over half a dozen open universities around the world, I already got the idea that relocating my doctoral program to an open university would release me from the necessity of traveling, and hence of ditching the program again and again. Out of the numerous open universities that I contacted, I opted for the Commonwealth Open University for a range of reasons, majorly their acceptance that I could carry my work at ABU forward. Thereafter, Prof. Ladipo Adamolekun was chosen as my supervisor, out of several names suggested to the university. That was a good fortune for me as the historical trajectory of public administration that my doctoral thesis represents is embodied in the public administration career of Prof. Adamolekun.

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The emergence and consolidation of public administration is linked to the efforts of the indigenous administrators who took over from the British colonialists—Adebo, Udoji, Abdul Aziz Attah, etc.—who, through their autobiographical reflections, contributions to conferences and books, and administrative reports, contributed to molding the shape and contours of public administration in
Nigeria. But more so are the professional academics, like Prof. Adamolekun, whose fortes are the universities, and who were in charge of the two nascent Institutes of Public Administration at the then University of Ife and Ahmadu Bello University. Adamolekun came to the Ife Institute of Public Administration with a DPhil in public administration. His arrival at the Institute solidified the emergence of the second group of academic pioneers that transformed the discipline of public administration. The first group was made up of scholars like Adebayo Adedeji and Mahmud Tukur who crossed over, after stints in the civil service, to the academics. The second group was made up of mainly academics who leveraged conferences and original researches to consolidate the teaching of public administration.

When Prof. Adamolekun commenced teaching, his theoretical positions soon caused consternation, and he recognized it immediately. Of course, that was a moment of beginning for everyone concerned. But he was not daunted. The need to bridge the theory-practice gap led him to seek for an induction into the civil service and its bureaucracy. His internship, between July and December 1973, at the Benue-Plateau State civil service, was the commencement of his sterling public service that took him from the United Nations to the World Bank and back to Nigeria.

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Barely a year into his duty as a Public Administration Officer at the UN, the then Dr Adamolekun was recalled by the new VC at Ile Ife, the late Prof. Aboyade, to become the acting head of the new department of administration. And he was willing to cut short his plum appointment in New York to return and serve the university. That was the making of a patriot. The Department of Public
Administration provided the auspicious atmosphere for Dr Adamolekun to pursue a brilliant career that was innovative in research. Indeed, like the academic pioneers, he became also innovative not only in the publication of original papers alone but also in championing specific research paths for the teaching of administration. For instance, his comparative experience in researching his thesis at Oxford provided him with a distinct advantage in combining research and teaching, especially as he had also had a stint in the civil service too. Thus, his advocacy of the “case method” approach (leading to the publication of the Ife Case Studies in Nigerian Administration, 1975) became an epochal one.

I should consider myself one of those who had the benefits of the immense mental magnitude and professional acumen of Prof. Ladipo Adamolekun. His critical positioning as a public sector specialist at the World Bank came in crucially handy when I became the technical lead to the reform strategy project at the Management Services Office of the presidency in 2002. Of course,
it was obvious that such an enormous project would require the expert inputs from the World Bank, and Prof Adamolekun, together with Profs. Dele Olowu, M. J. Balogun, Tijjani Bande and Victor Ayeni, were right around the corner, providing the requisite technical support that the project needed. He was also very critical in the technical leadership, through the UK Department for International Development (DFiD) in 2009, for the review of the pilot implementation of the same project. The success of that strategy would eventually transform into the National Strategy for Public Service Reform (NSPSR) that became the benchmark and irreducible reform blueprint in Nigeria.

Ladipo Adamolekun: The Quintessential Public Administration Scholar To Remember

Prof. Ladipo Adamolekun

But beyond his public administration research and professional remit, Prof. Adamolekun saw immediately what investing in the communities of service and practice meant. And this led to his frenetic involvement in almost all the professional public administration associations and networks across Nigeria and the continent, from Nigerian Association of Public Administration and Management (NAPAM) to the Commonwealth Association of Public Administration and Management (CAPAM); as well as CAFRAD—the continental research centre of excellence based in Morocco, the African Union Conference of African Ministers of Public Service, African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) based in Harare, and even the International Institute for Administrative Science (IIAS) in Brussels. And this is strategic to his mentoring capacity because the communities of practice underscored his many credentials, from research to professional competencies.

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This is why it gnaws at me terribly most time that the NAPAM that once owned the likes of Adamolekun, Balogun, Olowu, and many more; the professional community that once hosted the bigwigs in public administration, and provided the forum for mentoring in scholarship and expertise is dead and the critical stakeholders and community of practice and service do not see anything wrong about it. This is a forum that could be transformed into a generational game-changer in public administration in Nigeria, especially in our collective struggle to overcome the bureau-pathologies and dysfunctionality of the public service, and make it the starting institutional point of making the Nigerian state truly developmental, and a worthy player in the fourth industrial revolution.

Indeed, as I mentioned earlier, Prof. Adamolekun gave his immense stature and
attention to institutional reforms, and not least to the community of practice. We both once constituted a 2-man expert team, (in 2007), to review the status and functionality of the public service management development institutes (MDIs), including the Administrative Staff College of Nigeria (ASCON), Topo, Badagry, the Centre for Management Development (CMD), Lagos, and the Public Service Institute of Nigeria (PSIN). The objective was to scrutinize overlaps in areas of their training programmes. This is with a view to establishing the core domain of each, and recommending how their training services delivery could be mutually reinforcing to enable the economies of scale for the benefit of public sector institutions, and hence the human capital development spillover effect to the national economy.

A final point: Apart from their deep commitment to scholarship and public service with a sense that borders on professional obsession, there is another thing that Aboyade, Mabogunje and Adamolekun have in common. This is a deeply ingrained communal bonding that not only refocused their attention back to their place of birth, but also generates a restless sense of community service to uplift those places of birth. Aboyade was committed to Aawe, my home town, while Mabogunje’s commitment to Ijebu Ode speaks volume. In Prof. Adamolekun’s case, the place is Iju town in Ondo State. And his sense of community give-back is what has given birth to the appropriately named Kaleyewa House (“Kaleyewa” is translated from the Yoruba as “may our old age be graceful”). This is a foundation dedicated to the Ageing with Dignity Legacy Project for the elderly (75 years and above). How else does one appreciate the fundamental communal nature of who we are, something very significant to the Yoruba cultural heritage?

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And to direct attention to that project, in lieu of the wining and dining associated with birthday bash and all that, says something about the heart of a man who gave himself for his family, for his community, and for his nation. Such a man ought to be celebrated beyond what he imagines. At eighty, may Professor Oladipo Adamolekun and his heart of service remain with us for long. And
as he, in his autobiography, remembers his past and deeds, we all also should remember. Heroes must always occupy a worthy place in our collective memories.

And Bob Dylan was wrong—with Prof. Ladipo Adamolekun, we can relive the essence of what used to be; the octogenarian enables us to think more about how we could remember the past to rehabilitate the future.

. Olaopa is a retired Federal Permanent Secretary, and Professor, National Institute For Policy and Strategic Studies
(NIPSS), Kuru, Jos.
tolaopa2003@gmail.com

 

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Opinion

Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni: A Relentless Intellectual Warrior

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Dele Jegede In Conversation With Prince Yemisi Shyllon
Prof. Toyin Falola

By Toyin Falola

Anthropological insights into human activities in this jungle called the world have illuminated our understanding that the act of bravery, at some point in time, is demonstrated in an individual’s (or animal’s) ability to exert a destructive influence on the other forms of life that threaten their life and existence. This concept of bravery, coupled with knowledge, is particularly significant in the context of African intellectual history. From foraging in the wild to get maximum consumables and remain at the top of the food chain to facing daring ecological conditions that demand adaptive and coping strategies for survival, acts of bravery are demonstrated in different capacities based on the realities of the time.

Today, humans have successfully confronted these challenges, thanks to the emergence of strong individuals when the world needed them the most. Interestingly, in periods preceding “the age of reason,” these knowledgeable individuals were also considered brave, although they often received less recognition than their physically strong counterparts. However, every phase of the human journey requires the intelligence of such individuals to overcome its inherent challenges. In the current age, not only has it become an incredible mark of bravery to be knowledgeable, but it has also become a sole indicator of serious and uncompromising individuals.

While some people possess knowledge that could potentially save the world, it takes a special kind of courage to share this knowledge, especially when doing so might put one’s safety at risk. Fela Kuti’s poignant observation that many Africans shy away from confronting oppressive forces due to fear of death rings true. To be knowledgeable and to boldly speak the truth, regardless of the circumstances, is a mark of true bravery. It is a height that Fela believed was difficult for the average African to reach. Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni, however, exemplifies this kind of bravery, inspiring others to follow suit.

Due to their adjacent position to the global power economy, academic institutions have become laboratories for intellectual experiments where ideas are manufactured and configured to satisfy preconceived desires. The African individual comes into such institutions, which are genealogically linked to Western epistemic foundations, and becomes Westernized or Europeanized to the extent that they lose their cultural identity as a matter of rational thought generation and self-awareness. The profound impact of these Western epistemic foundations on African identity is undeniable. Consequently, their thinking appears anti-African because the resources or their thinking are not extracted from their indigenous epistemic foundations. This leads to a civilization identity that alienates them completely from global calculations and misleads them to believe atrocious things about themselves.

As such, the average African who argues for the appropriation of most Western ideas in advancing their collective aspirations believes erroneously that these contributions are the best things to happen to the continent, not realizing they are merely expressing Western ideas and ideals through an African lens. Sabelo Ndlovu-Gatsheni recognized this early enough and deployed his intellectual arsenal to challenge the establishment, earning him the reputation of an intellectual warrior who is relentless and bold. His consistent efforts to reclaim the African mind from the encampment of its usurpers demonstrate his commitment to the collective emancipation of Black people. While he is not the first to undertake such a mission, it is reassuring to find such an illuminating mind in an age when the tendency to show confidence in this fight has continued to dwindle.

Before launching his intellectual crusade against the political complexities that have long dominated African leadership, Ndlovu-Gatsheni made remarkable efforts to confront African educational institutions, which have become leviathans that everyone is afraid of. Remarkably, his efforts are yielding incredible results. Ndlovu-Gatsheni launched himself into decades-long research engagements and has discovered that any true emancipation of Africans and Africa must begin by repositioning their epistemic values and traditions. He believes that repudiating the knowledge methods inscribed by Western ideologues is necessary and pivotal for delinking the African thought system from Western programming.

To become that vocal against a system inherited from racist imperialists can make an individual a target for attacks that will undermine their relevance, especially economic relevance. Historians would agree that individuals who verbally challenge institutions and establishments that exploit people’s resources–intellectual, social, political, economic and philosophical–often face the wrath of these establishments. Despite these risks, Sabelo remains unwavering in his determination to liberate the continent from the unseen hands holding Africa’s epistemic inheritance hostage, earning him the admiration of those committed to this emancipatory assignment.

When examining African universities, one might wonder if there are inferior intellectual resources there that have made it impossible to disengage the students’ thoughts from Westernized imaginations that make them perpetually loaded with self-hate. This intellectual of inestimable value has consistently argued that capitalists’ aspirations extend far beyond the commercialization of material resources. He predicted early on that capitalists are afflicted by insidious diseases that are difficult to cure. Their understanding that they could extend their corporate reach into people’s educational systems reveals their deep commitment to commercializing everything, including knowledge. The infiltration of capitalist ideology into the continent’s knowledge system has brought the people to a level where they cannot compete with others for several reasons.

Primarily, the commercialization of education has created a division among its consumers, where one group can afford it because of their better economic conditions, and others cannot, owing to poverty and indigence. Meanwhile, the privileged few who have access to education are themselves beneficiaries of the skewed systems that have operated on the continent for ages. To reach this level, it is apparent that the future of the continent is perpetually challenged by contemporary capitalist greed. Therefore, it is reassuring to see someone like Ndlovu-Gatsheni dedicating his energy and zeal to addressing this problem with the hope of genuinely bringing about true change for the African people.

Africa desperately needs the liberation that Sabelo advocates for, as that would eventually bring about the structuration of their political, social, economic, epistemic and philosophical identities in ways that are beneficial to the people. One remarkable aspect of his bravery is that he minces no words when addressing issues that he believes need immediate intervention. He is adept at connecting the dots that might seem obscure to others, an ingenious ability that highlights his intelligent mind. The fact that he articulates these connections without hesitation underscores his compelling qualities.

Global right-wing ideologues are critical of anything that obstructs their hegemonic politicking and will stop at nothing to achieve their goals. The proliferation of wars and the relentless pursuit of capitalist aspirations at the detriment of global peace and stability reveal how irredeemable their conscience is in the scheme of things. Their desperation is evident in their willingness to pursue their devious ambition, regardless of the detrimental impact on global peace. Meanwhile, they continue to enjoy tremendous support because many people are unaware of the connections between them and the numerous attacks occurring in different parts of the world. Ndlovu-Gatsheni serves as the conscience and the consciousness for a large population of the subalterns–those who are unassuming and unaware of the hegemon’s eroding power and its destructive escapades in the human world.

From real-life events to various unpopular places, these conservative groups have consistently challenged the fact that others can muster the confidence to call them out or stand up against their exploitative aspirations. They vehemently oppose anything that comes in the colour of freedom, to the extent that they demonized Negritude, attacked decolonization, and challenged any effort that could threaten their overlordship position. Nothing further proves the emancipatory potential of these movements, marked for destruction and despoliation, than the restless efforts of the hegemons to destroy them. They believe that global power dynamics should always favour them, to the detriment of numerous innocent people across the globe. They are quick to denounce others, attributing all manner of inconceivable and demeaning atrocities to them. Without confronting this mammoth of a monster through epistemic reorientation and reinvention, it will remain ultimately difficult, if not impossible, to achieve the emancipation of the African people.

In his academic trajectory, Ndlovu-Gatsheni has established himself as a tireless leader who continues to anchor the academic safety and political wellness of the continent through his mind-blowing engagements. He demonstrated the necessity of combating these problems starting from the university, the central power point where Africans can reclaim maximum intellectual resources to elevate themselves after liberation and freedom.

PS: This piece was composed at UNISA. I thank Stevens Mohapi for his care and affection.

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Opinion

Modelling Success: Dr Adedeji Adeleke And Adeleke University

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Prof. Toyin Falola

By Toyin Falola

Success is a broad concept that has been widely researched and discussed for many years. While there is no specific formula for achieving success, certain principles are commonly observed among individuals deemed to be successful. Success transcends mere material wealth or professional achievements; it is a phenomenon shaped by intrinsic belief, goal setting, dignity, and respect for divine will. Dr. Adedeji Adeleke, a Nigerian businessman and philanthropist, exemplifies the principles of success through his life and impact on individual and societal growth and development, serving as a beacon of inspiration to many and reflecting these values through his accomplishments.

Success is believing in one’s capabilities and potential. Successful people have an innate sense of self-efficacy, confidently believing in their ability to take actions that will lead to the attainment of set goals. Such a belief is a powerful source of motivation, as it pushes one to remain consistent even in the face of adversity and to approach tasks proactively and with a positive outlook. Successful people also understand the significance of setting clear, specific, and attainable goals.

It is worth noting that while the path to success is often super-frustrating and challenging, it is achievable with well-defined goals and persistent efforts. As such, one must continually aim forward, transition step by step, and ultimately weave together a remarkable success story through various engagements by preparing detailed actions that translate into bigger ambitions. The journey to success begins with unwavering self-belief, which is not merely about confidence; rather, it is a deep-rooted conviction in one’s ability to achieve their dreams. This resilience is required to face life’s ups and downs with a positive mindset, seeing opportunities where others see obstacles.

Success is not only due to human will and actions but is also influenced by environmental factors that can pose significant challenges. These factors can become potential stumbling blocks if the individual does not believe in the power of their dreams. Dr. Adeleke’s story is indeed one of belief in self and in the guiding influence of divine will. Despite the numerous challenges he encountered on his way to achieving his set goals, he believed in himself and his immense potential, also trusting in the divine purpose for his life. This propelled him forward, enabling him to build a legacy that cuts across different areas, including education, business, and philanthropy.

Accepting divine will means a careful, responsible acceptance without succumbing to extraneous rules or laws that rob us of our confidence and authenticity. This perspective fosters humility and gratitude and an acknowledgement that our achievements are not solely ours but are also gifts and opportunities that come from a higher source. Dr. Adeleke exemplifies humility and a powerful sense of purpose. Despite his immense success, he remains grounded and attributes his accomplishments to divine guidance.

His philanthropic efforts include huge contributions to education and community development, demonstrating his commitment to giving back and serving the greater good. Dr. Adeleke’s story indicates that true success is a harmonious blend of self-belief, goal setting, and submission to a higher purpose. It is about striving for excellence while remaining humble and purposeful.

From Dr. Adeleke, we learn that the idea of success is personal and varies from individual to individual. It is not defined by societal standards or criteria but by one’s own goals and values. Through inspired actions, individuals can realise that success is achievable for anyone who believes in themselves, sets clear goals, and respects divine will. Modelling success requires more than ambition and hard work; it involves an inherent belief in oneself, discipline in setting and pursuing goals, and a humble recognition of the divine influences in our lives. Dr. Adeleke’s life is a testimony to this whole process of success, demonstrating that success is both an internal and external journey.

Dr. Adeleke exemplifies that success is achieved through belief, goal-setting goals, and respect for divine will. He has shown that his achievements stem not merely from external factors but from nurtured internal qualities. For everyone to be successful, they must follow these prescripts and approach their goals with belief, intention, and reverence toward the divine. Belief provides the motivation, while goal setting charts the course. Goals, when clear and well-defined, act as a blueprint and a guiding light, directing actions and decisions and making the path to success easier. Goals break down the seemingly insurmountable journey into manageable steps, making the path to success more navigable.

Remarkably, Dr. Adeleke’s success in business and life is proof of his strategic mindset and commitment to setting goals. His achievements with Adeleke University and other ventures illustrate how his endeavours have successfully evolved through effective planning. Milestones play a crucial role in goal planning and maintaining focus, and Dr. Adeleke’s invaluable achievements in different spheres of life epitomise that setting realistic goals and pursuing them with dedication and hard work yields significant rewards.

 

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Opinion

Sogolo’s Moral Values And Social Change In Nigeria (5)

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Readers’ Showers Of Encouragement
Prof. Tony Afejuku

By Tony Afejuku

Our reading of Professor Godwin Sogolo’s mature opinions on our moral values and human situation in general terminates today.

Read it!

Moral Imperatives of the 4TH Industrial Revolution (4IR)

The 4th Industrial Revolution is already transforming the way we live, work, and interact. One of the key areas in which moral values will have a significant impact is in the development and implementation of emerging technologies – artificial intelligence, automation, big data analytics, genetic engineering, etc. These technologies have the potential to revolutionise industries and societies, for good! But, they also raise complex ethical dilemmas and challenges. For example, the fear is that the widespread use of artificial intelligence and automation in the workplace would lead to job displacement and economic inequality. While these technologies have the potential to increase productivity and efficiency, they also have implications for workers’ rights, fair distribution of wealth, and human dignity. Moral considerations for justice, equality, and respect for human rights must be the guiding principles in the development and deployment of the new technologies. 

Furthermore, the collection and analysis of massive amounts of personal data raise concerns about privacy, consent, and the potential for surveillance and manipulation. Moral values such as privacy, autonomy, and informed consent are essential in ensuring the protection of individuals’ rights and freedoms in the digital age. As technologies continue to advance, it is important to consider the implications they have for our value systems, and to address potential ethical dilemmas before they become widespread. That assessment falls within the purview of the humanities in general, and philosophy in particular.

Another important function of moral values in the 4th Industrial Revolution is to address the socio-economic implications of the new technologies on employment, income inequality and social cohesion. Moral values such as compassion, solidarity, social justice, etc., are essential in ensuring that the benefits of the emerging technological progress are shared equitably, and that vulnerable populations are not left behind.

The 4th Industrial Revolution has the potential of either exacerbating or mitigating the ecological challenges that we currently face, depending on the strength of our moral values and the decisions and actions of individuals, groups, businesses, governments, etc., in connection with the issues of environmental sustainability. Technologies relating to renewable energy, smart grids and circular economic models offer promising solutions. But, they require a commitment to moral values such as environmental stewardship, intergenerational responsibility and sustainability. It is important to prioritise these values so as to minimize the negative environmental impact of the new technological advancements in furtherance of sustainable development.

In adapting to the new technologies, we must bear in mind that moral values also guide issues relating to personal ethics and the well-being of the individual. The constant connectivity, information overload, and digital distractions that come with the 4th Industrial Revolution pose serious challenges to the issue of personal identity and mental health of the individuals in matters of inter-personal relationships and group interactions. We need to develop faith and confidence that the human ingenuity that created the new technologies is also able to devise means of controlling its negative consequences. For instance, if you ask ChatGPT to provide information on how to prepare a nuclear bomb, the response will be that it cannot help because it is dangerous and illegal. That is how values can assist in controlling the negative and disastrous effects of the new technologies. What the people need are moral values such as empathy, compassion, mindfulness and digital responsibility, essential for cultivating a healthy and balanced digital life that puts premium on the collective interest.

Finally, although I have emphasized the role of Philosophy in this discussion, I must add that other disciplines in the humanities also have their unique roles to play in the 4th Industrial Revolution: the classical studies and history can provide models of  personalities, social institutions and historical events that have propelled human civilisations in the past: linguistics and the languages perform communicative functions that give the individual an understanding of human relations and the working of social institutions, while the creative, visual and performing arts recreate human models, personalities and events, both real or unreal, thereby informing and inspiring the people. And, of course, the discipline of religious studies helps the individual in coping with the vicissitudes of our confusing world, further complicated by the flux of unending changes.  Together, the humanities are designed to prepare the individual to understand, control and adapt to the new changes. Already, Western nations, led by the United States of America and some European nations, have shown the moral and political will by working together on ways of controlling and adjusting to the changes that will accompany the 4th Industrial Revolution. Very recently, the American President, Joe Biden, announced a joint project with Microsoft to setup an AI control Centre in the US. Africa, especially Nigeria, cannot afford to miss out, again, on the journey of moving to the next level.

Conclusion

Historical antecedents, years of bad governance, misplaced values and ill-conceived education system, have led to a state of moral crisis in Nigeria. The social ills have had the most severe impact on Nigerian youths who, today, lack the moral foundation needed to transform the animal (Aristotle’s tabula rasa) into a human person. Not only is a large proportion of our youths denied access to basic education, the few that are lucky to have access, have been taught nothing but techniques that are bereft of positive moral values and integrity. It is obvious that Nigerian youths are ill-prepared for the arduous and compelling demands of a changing world. Surely, there is an urgent need for  retooling  our educational curricula, with emphasis on the inculcation of moral values in our youths, to save the nation from descending into the Hobbesian state of nature, anarchy  and more importantly, to enable our society to  keep pace with the changes that are coming with the 4th Industrial Revolution.

Concluded.

Afejuku can be reached on 

08055213059.

 

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