Connect with us


Culture Of Denial And National Development



BOOK REVIEW: Ayo Joan Olatoyosi's Thesis, Antithesis And Synthesis Of Life


Grace Ego Omoni

A recent article on the progress being made by females in university education and the downward trend of the same by the males is posing a concern for the researcher. The writer complained that at a university convocation he attended, there were more females than males and advocated that the time has come for people to address the issue of boy child neglect. It got this writer thinking too! The populace is noted for keeping silent over negative occurrences and denying the obvious in relation to vices going on in the society. Denial of reality is a phenomenon that has been causing problems and underdevelopment in this country. The culture of denial is seen in different institutions of our society such as education, religion, politics, security,morality and the economy as well as in relation to administrators and the government taking responsibilities. Denialism is essentially an irrational action that withholds the validation of a historical experience or events when a person refuses to accept verifiable reality. It is the rejection of basic undisputed, well supported fact in favour of radical and controversial ideas. People are denied of security, education, human right issues, health facilities, appointments and economic stability.

The culture of denial can be seen from different points of view apart from the above. For instance, by saying that what happened did not happen, is a form of denial; saying that what happened is something else from the obvious and saying that what happened was justified for the protection of national security or for some other purposes are forms of denial. Depriving the citizens of their rights in terms of education, social, amenities, health facilities, job opportunities, political and economic stability is equally a form of denial. In this article, the following will be briefly discussed: meaning of the culture of denial; types of denial; consequences of denial to national development and counselling Implications.

READ ALSO: Of Second Class And Non-second Class Citizens

Meaning of Culture of Denial
This means blocking out or turning a blind eye to, shutting off, wearing blinkers, not wanting to know or seeing what one wants to see about issues to the detriment of another or others. Denial relates to asserting that any particular statement or allegation is not true which might be accurate or inaccurate. It is also the refusal of a request or failure to give out what would be of benefit to a person or groups of persons. It is a kind of defence mechanism in which a person is faced with a fact that is too uncomfortable to accept but rejects it instead, insisting that it is not true despite the overwhelming evidence.

According to Foster, there are three types of Denial:.
a) Literal Denial: ignoring the facts;
b) Interpretative Denial: where the facts are accepted but rejects the meaning by interpreting them in a way that makes them safer to one’s personal psychology.
c) Implicative Denial: Facts are accepted and interpreted but suppresses the psychological, political and moral implications that would conventionally follow quasi intentions. In other words, not following up the uncomfortable implications of what we know. For instance, there are human right issues such as insecurity, murders, rapes, unemployment, poor educational system, hunger and poor economy, prostitution, yet, government and those in authority exhibit denial of responsibility concerning these and while others show unwelcome knowledge about these atrocities and the victims, the perpetrators feign knowledge of what to do.

Denial of Quality Education
Nigeria has failed woefully by denying her citizens qualitative education. Schools lack infrastructures, qualified teachers, adequate curriculum content and enabling environment for learning and the teaching processes. Many of the schools are denied adequate distribution of teachers. A headmistress I met last week confided in me that her school has only a few teachers out of who three are mentally deranged. One is in the psychiatric hospital for some months now while the remaining two keep on threatening the peace of the school with their unwholesome attitude. Yet the Ministry of Education keeps on pretending that all is well in the educational sector.

Children are learning under very poor conditions; no seats, learners lack learning materials, schools are littered with dilapidated buildings and the children are exposed to hoodlums in the society. The midday meals are inadequate and poorly prepared. Prisoners cannot even eat such.The money disbursed for this purpose has already been embezzled and mismanaged by the mighty. Yet, the authority close their eyes to these vices and feel less concerned about the situation.

READ ALSO: Am I Really The Dad?: Paternity Matters

Today, the population of out-of-school children is obviously alarming! Many especially those who have lost their parents as a result of terrorists’ attacks and of course the almajiris are found roaming about the streets begging or doing menial jobs to feed themselves but the government close their eyes to these and go on preaching that their administration is the best that has happened to Nigeria. There are children who were in schools before but have now dropped out to engage in “yahoo fraud” and other tactics to get rich quick and the government seems not to agree or accept that such issues are existing in the country, denial! Again, the school fees for higher education have so skyrocketed that only the children of the rich are left to be there, limiting the opportunities for the less privileged. Why this obnoxious rise in school fees? Is it that the government is not aware of the present economic predicament being faced by a majority of the parents in Nigeria? People cannot go to their farms, market places and businesses as a result of the menace of killer Fulani herdsmen, Boko Haram, bandits and kidnappers. Sources of income are now limited, yet the federal and state governments decided to impose 100% increase on fees for university education. What do we call this insensitivity but a culture of denial to education! Education which is supposed to be the main vehicle of national development is being denied the citizens of this country out of wickedness, insensitivity and greed.

Denial of Equity in Political Appointments
It is no longer news that political appointments in Nigeria are lopsided, ethnically and religiously based and not by equity. It is a truism that 90% of all the national appointments in the different federal sectors are occupied by Northerners and Muslims despite the fact that statistically, people with enviable and robust educational qualifications, professional competencies and great moral stand are found in the Southern, Western and the Eastern parts of this country. Is the denial based on the fact that they are Christians ? I am compelled to ask. Government of the day has technically denied these people the opportunities to serve and contribute their own quota to the development of their nation. There has been agitation against this denial syndrome in the area of appointments but nothing has changed. Powers that be often deny this obvious fact and argue that it does not exist and that there is equity in national appointments as if the citizens are fools. This is indeed an atrocious and wicked denial. Why feign knowledge of this evil?

Denial of Taking Responsibility
Taking responsibility is one of the qualities of good leadership in any society that cherishes her citizens. However, it is quite disheartening to observe that our people in leadership positions have totally refused to take responsibility for their actions and the consequences thereof of such as the numerous social vices going on in Nigeria today. Killings, kidnapping, destruction of properties, heinous crimes, sexual aberrations, robberies,bribery and corruption, non-chalant attitude in work places, mismanagement of fund, poor administration and breakdown of law and order are going on arbitrarily to no avail and nothing is being done about it. The government pretends that all is well and refuses to take responsibility. Dubious elements are seen praising the unprogressive and unproductive government that it is working very hard and deny the fact that this is a failed society. This culture of denial going on in every nook and cranny of the Nigerian society is so saddening and unpalatable.

READ ALSO: Am I Really The Dad?: Paternity Matters

Consequences to National Development
Denial is a vice. It is unprogressive unproductive, antagonistic and breeds moral decadence. This culture of denial promotes illiteracy, underdevelopment, insecurity and ethnic rivalries. Hence in Nigeria today lies, poor economy, health hazards and religious wars, denial of human rights and injustices are the order of the day. Appointments have become lopsided hence dissatisfaction has eaten deep in our society resulting in hatred and criticism against the government of the day. Bribery and corruption has accelerated making the nation to experience shame and greater disgrace among the committee of nations. Parents too exhibit the culture of denial in the upbringing o f their children. Many parents close their eyes to the waywardness of their children. Even when neighbours, teachers and other well meaning people complain to them about their children’s character, many parents either do not agree or deny outright that their children are such.

Implications for Counselling
1) The whole educational institutions should be overhauled. Government should pay more attention to the provision of infrastructure in the schools. The curriculum content should emphasize core values especially in the area of truthfulness and taking responsibility for our actions. Supervision in schools should be done more often.

2) Arbitrarily increasing fees in higher institutions should be stopped. This will give opportunities for less privileged children to have access to higher education.

3) There should be sensitization for parents and children to understand why education is important. Norms and core values cherished by the society should be inculcated through seminars and workshops.
Government should have a plan of action for the recruitment drive whereby selected people will go into the towns and villages to compulsorily enroll children in schools. In other words, there should be a policy for compulsory education for citizens.

READ ALSO: University Lecturers’ Contaminated And Adulterated Remunerations (1)

4) Our security system should be beefed up. The government should stop lying and closing their eyes to the problems of insecurity in this country. They need to find solution to this problem and stop denying the fact that lives and properties are being wasted and destroyed everyday.

5) Seminars and workshops should be organized to make those in government to see the need to distribute political appointments evenly among the six geopolitical zones. Sincerity is needed!

6) Counselling students and parents on how to improve on the right life styles is a must. People should stop denying the fact that there is moral decadence in the society. Parents should learn to bring up their children to work hard and need not pretend that they are morally upright.

7) Government needs to come to terms with themselves and own up that things are not politically, economically, morally okay in this country. The orientation of denying the obvious must stop. Everybody needs to CHANGE.

Living a life of denial is not a virtue. It is counter-productive, unprogressive, deceitful, wicked and breeds insecurity, immorality and underdevelopment. It is high time the citizens of Nigeria and the government at all levels came to reality and face the bull by the horn by creating an enabling environment for a new Nigeria where peace and justice reign; a place where human rights are not toyed with and a place where sincerity and truthfulness will be worn as garments!


Read more authentic news on our social media platforms

Continue Reading
Click to comment


Readers’ Showers Of Encouragement



Readers’ Showers Of Encouragement

By Tony Afejuku
It is time for me to wake up in the New Year in my waking mind to catch the pictures of the unseen and seen inhabitants who help to make this column the stuff of dreams. These inhabitants are my readers whose words see me any time they come to me or are called up by music of words, showers of encouragement, that help to seize and define the column.
My readers help me to see and feel the beauty and truth, ever bright, ever potent, ever lovely, in the things I set my mind to all the times it tip-toes to the rosy sky with its lure of some-thingness. I quote now select readers:

On ASUU and the “conquistadors.”
Professor Ademola Da Sylva
TA, our TA! Your resilience is amazing, your uncommon focused energy and optimism have continued, so far, to serve as essential fuel that keeps the ASUU collective struggle steadily on course, and very assuredly to the expected end. There are tricksters and there are tricksters: when a trickster-character attempts to make a society worse than he meets it, the trickster always ends up unwittingly, burning its own boat! Ditto the Speaker of HoR under reference, a chief trickster indeed, and his current ruling Party. No country’s leadership treats its academics this shabbily and disdainfully with impunity without serious short-term and long-term repercussions. Any further delay on the part of the society in taking decisive actions against these clowns and self-styled “conquistadors” could lead to a permanent and further irreparable damage to Nigerians’ warped psyche, and any meaningful development in the country. TA, the payback time is surely nigh. Cheers.

Professor Ademola Da Sylva
TA, our TA, ageless and timeless! When this current ASUU struggle shall be over, predictably victoriously, and hopefully pretty soon, either the principalities in the current government like it, or not, your adorable portrait, and name written in bold gold, shall surely adorn a conspicuous place in the nation’s Hall of Fame!; but the tricksters, interlopers, who constitute themselves, lately into a bunch of elitist-Boko Haramists, shall similarly have their names in the nation’s Hall of Shame! Kudos for an essay well thought out, and lucidly crafted! My 2 Kobo appreciation! Cheers.

Professor Ibrahim Bello-Kano
Ha! Ha! Ha! You nailed the imbeciles once more. You’re quietly gathering a reputation as the Jonathan Swift of terrorist academic journalism or is it you as the columnist-academic-Professor terrorist? A student of mine said sometime ago that he would soon begin imitating your writing style. I told him in response that he should wait until he has mastered the language well enough. It’s not easy for a PG student to imitate a Professor!

Anonymous Reader
Dear Mr. Afejuku, good morning. I am always eager to read your write ups. You are among the three highly rated journalists in this country. I have learnt so much from you in both content and form. I am an Associate Professor in the Arts Faculty in UNICAL. Keep feeding our brains and minds with your grip of the language, your knowledge and your expertise in journalism. God bless you immeasurably. The unfortunate thing is that you are speaking to minds that are depraved and have been inhabited by demons. Demons know nothing but wickedness and oppression. However, there’s always a day of reckoning, where the chicken will always come home to roost. Thank you profusely, Sir. Accept the expression of my esteemed regards. Have a useful and fruitful week ahead, while I await your next write up, Sir.

READ ALSO: Pele: World King Of Football Had Warri Ancestry

A Reader from the Diaspora
Good afternoon, my dear Brother. Thanks for your usually brilliant piece. It is obvious that the intent of the Buhari administration is to drop the ASUU file for its successor. Perhaps a bilateral conversion with each of the leading presidential candidates should be considered. Have a Blessed day and weekend.

Anonymous Reader
Good morning, Sir. I appreciate your thoughtful article on the trickster beggars, and I love the inclusion of the allegories from the erstwhile FIFA World Cup, where professionals behaved like true professionals, upholding the integrity of the game by employing the best human and electronic resources to get the best out of the game. In our national climate, the different interest groups and personages in government and not in government, who begged ASUU to call off or suspend the strike, suddenly went mute. Even press and media personages involved in the begging charade are now fully engrossed in the flimsy stories of distraction created by the CBN sector and the Naira. The courts, which were employed by the FGN to force the lecturers to pick up their chalk by force, have ceased from advocating for the truth regarding the debilitating decay in the educational segment. A handful of those columnists, like you, who maintained a respectful distance and wrote about it truthfully, decently, genuinely, are now vindicated for writing objectively and absorbingly about the subject of begging and taking a stand. CONUA or whatever the alleged traitors of academics are called, are allowing themselves to be used to be playing a nauseating game against their mother union and colleagues.
SSANU members did not get their due for listening to the beggars. Now we are all waiting… Waiting… waiting…, while the present administration prepares for their swan song by inflicting financial pains on the populace with un-thoughtful money policies.

On Pele: World King of Football
Professor Owojecho Omoha:
Were you there at the invention moments of capture theory? You theorize the admiration of King Pele to recapture the attention of the world on coach Izilien. This vibrancy of your memory lives in poets, and only poets memorably work passionately to capture the attention of readers, the way you do, Afejuku. The year has begun with your poetry. Hold further passionate lyrics till you capture the attention of the world on Nigeria, when Coach Izilien and the rest of us shall dance gracefully turning backs on the criminals in February. This happiness makes greater sense, when you shall turn the attention of the world on Nigerians who survive the dark years in our history.

On Pele’s Warri ancestry
Professor Owojecho Omoha
A true African writer must be traditional in spite of the burden of modernity, from the ancestry, and again, back to the traditions that we know. This piece scores high on both points.

Suyi Ayodele
Passion and passionate passion! Now to our Waffi enclave. Pele was a Waffi Boy? This is a bad suspense and only a poet does that! I have started counting the day, to next Friday! Good morning, Sir.

Suyi Ayodele (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
Nobody, I repeat, nobody can dispute those revelations. I sat in divination sessions with my late uncle. Reading this piece brought back graphic images of those times. The Ifa priest was right, is right and will eternally be right. This is one of your best I have ever read. How did we abandon that plain religion, IFA? And about your younger brother, pity that you folks did not do what Ifa prescribed. It is always like that with Ifa, the Atori Eni ti o suhan se (The repairer of humanity). I would have personally ‘bewitched’ you if you have not written this! VINTAGE AFEJUKU!!!!!

READ ALSO: Pele: Coach Izilien Revises His Memory

Professor Olu Obafemi (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
This is a very fascinating treatise, especially because of its crisscross transcendent of the abstractive ineffable to the physical/archaeological referents. The narrative’s rhetorical strategy is suspenseful with the capacity to provoke insatiable yearnings for the remit of the story. These days Africans in the Diaspora are Evoking DNA identity/Descent retrieval. Unfortunately, Pele has left.

Professor Sony Awhefeada (On Pele’s Warri Ancestry)
This is thoughtful, enriching and instructive. I wish you published this when Pele was alive he would have come home. And how is your younger brother now? I am really moved.

Nonso, Owerri resident (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
Good evening, Afejuku. I am totally intrigued by your write up on Pele’s Warri ancestry. I am enchanted with the eloquence of your pen that glides through the white sheet of paper and the attendant satisfaction that gladdened my heart to have stumbled upon this great literary work. Allow me to say that the article is un-putdown-able and the accuracy of the Divine revelation of the Ifa Priest should be announced to the world. Who knows? Or may-be Pele’s offspring may be interested in knowing the tree they were carved from … Thank you for the great work.

Professor Dan Chima Amadi (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
Good, good historical touch. I could not stop.

Roland Uyimulam Aleshi, from Calabar (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
Greetings, Mr. Afejuku, I read your well researched write-up on Pele’s Warri ancestry. You impressed me a lot with useful information and updates on Pele’s Warri ancestry ties. Well done.

READ ALSO: On Pele’s Warri Ancestry

Professor Mabel Evwierhoma (On Pele’s Warri ancestry)
I agree (from personal experience) that the art of divination is a means of finding out deep truths. We could know more, from such researches, but how can they be untainted by the factors of selectivity and monetary inducements? – May we know that which will not lead to perdition.

What do I say other than to thank my readers and readers, listed and un-listed, whose words charm me beyond any measurable afflatus? My nib gives applause to your lovely music of words – whose peroration I charm myself to let be.
Afejuku can be reached via 08055213059.

Continue Reading


BREAKING: Gbajabiamila Threatens To Arrest Emefiele Over Old Naira Notes’ Deadline



BREAKING: Gbajabiamila Threatens To Arrest Emefiele Over Old Naira Notes' Deadline

Five days to the deadline for the old naira notes to cease being valid, Central Bank of Nigeria Governor Godwin Emefiele is still in trouble over the policy.

House of Representatives Speaker Femi Gbajabiamila on Thursday threatened to order the arrest of Emefiele to appear before the committee investigating the old naira notes withdrawal.

Gbajabiamila said this on Thursday after the Majority Leader of the House, Ado Doguwa informed him that Emefiele and others shunned the invitation to a meeting on Wednesday.

Responding to the statement, Gbajabiamila said he would not hesitate to order the Inspector General of Police, Akali Baba to issue an arrest warrant to compel Emefiele to appear before the committee.

READ  ALSO: Old Naira Notes Deadline Stays – Emefiele

Gbajabiamila added that the House ought to adjourn today to prepare for the elections, however, they will stay back to resolve the currency swap crisis.

“I will, pursuant to the authority conferred by Section 89 (1)(d) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and Order 19 (2)(1) of the Standing Orders of the House of Representatives, not hesitate to issue a warrant to the Inspector General of the Nigeria Police Force to compel the attendance of the CBN or Managing Directors who fail, refuse or neglect to respond to the summons by the House of Representatives,” he said.

He also stated that Emefiele’s deadline is not consistent with section 20 of the CBN Act, noting that the banks are compelled to accept the old notes even after the expiration of the deadline.

The Presidential candidate of the APC, Bola Tinubu, who is believed to be The Godfather of Gbajabiamila, also spoke against the policy on Thursday during a rally.

Tinubu alleged that the policy is targeted at his presidential ambition.


Read more authentic news on our social media platforms

Continue Reading


You don blow!



You don blow!

By Toyin Falola
My name is Toyin Falola, and I am an active member of the Association of Nigerian Pregnant Men (ANPM). We eat and drink every evening at our clubhouse. You can tell from the size of my stomach that I don blow. The Secretary of ANPM, a chief with a stomach twice as big as mine, don blow pass me. He is well connected that he can invite ten governors in the country to attend our annual gala. Men who don blow, as well as elegant don blow first ladies, honour us. Their drivers sit inside their cars, praying to become like us while they receive free AC to calm their bodies wey too dey hot. The Secretary and I look smallish than our Vice-President, who finds it difficult to climb into his jeep because he don blow well well.

Our President, our Oga patapata at the top, lives in affluence. I don’t know why I am afraid of him. He too get power! Plenty plenty power!! Whenever the President falls asleep, small girls steal from his wallet, and he does not even notice it. Sometimes I fear for the girls. What if one of them gets unlucky one day, and Oga wakes up to catch her in the act? But the girls seem not to send. They want a way out of their sapa situation. They steal from magas like my President, use the money to finance their japa plans, then some weeks after they get to the abroad, they post pictures on social media, and a barrage of comments follow: See as you fresh like today bread! Omo, you don blow!

If you are not a street guy like me or unfamiliar with the language of the street and slang, you might find all the slang phrases in the preceding paragraphs unusual. Communication and language are two interdependent concepts that hardly exist separately. Language is ineffective if it cannot communicate with another person. The indigenous languages of the regions that subsequently became Nigeria are very different from what the colonialists imagined them to be. The notion that Africa was a “dark continent” before European contact has been refuted and proven false by scholars and through our cultural developments even after independence. Before colonialism, Africans were not only able to communicate, but they also used complex languages to interact with one another and with events.

READ  ALSO: US Imposes Visa Restrictions On Nigerians Undermining Democracy

However, culture is not static, and one of its characteristics is the capacity to adapt to new situations and times. For context, words are borrowed from one language into another. For example, the Yoruba call onions alubosa, a Hausa word. The creation of Pidgin English, which deviates from the native English language and is increasingly common in other Anglophone-speaking West African countries, might be attributed to acculturation and the desire to improve communication and make languages simpler.

Even though the term “you don blow” is derived from the English language, it can be used in various contexts. Three words, three ideas. The pronoun “you” is used to directly address the listener or refer to individuals in general. The word “don” can be used in the present, past, or future tenses in pidgin English to replace the words “have, had, or has.” Examples are I don go (I have gone) and I don chop (I have eaten). The last word in the phrase You don blow can refer to either expanding air from one’s mouth or destruction by an explosion.

Nigeria boasts of an abundance of highly skilled and noteworthy people. The country is recognized as a talent hotspot in many spheres of human endeavour, including entertainment. Despite the challenging circumstances militating against young and brilliant individuals and inadequate leadership and infrastructure for nurturing such talents and people to develop and build the nation, Nigerian youth have been breaking through to international spotlights. These exceptional ones work as hard as they can with the limited resources at their disposal to achieve success and greatness, and when they finally do, dem don blow.

READ ALSO: Victor Ekpuk In Conversation With Prince Yemisi Shyllon

Let me further take you there. If someone says to you on the street, You don blow, it can be for various reasons. For those of us who are street kings, the first thing that will come to mind is that we have succeeded, and are now famous, trending, or the rave of the moment. This is well-versed in the entertainment field. Being famous or trending in the entertainment industry is associated with wealth and success due to the perks that come with it, such as sponsorship deals and money from social media engagements. Therefore, when an entertainer from a lowly background becomes well-known, he don blow. Olamide Adedeji, better known by his stage name “Badoo”, is a Nigerian rap artiste born and raised in Bariga, Lagos. He is just one example of a musician who has succeeded and become a global name despite coming from a lowly background. When next you see Don Jazzy, Badoo, Davido, Wizkid, and Burnaboy, greet them well well as dem don blow pass you.

Do you know some people believe you can hardly blow in the village? This is why people who live in rural or village settings find all means necessary to move to the big cities, even if they have to live in the “trenches” before they blow. The population of Nigeria’s major cities, such as Lagos, has exploded because many people, especially young Nigerians, believe that moving to an urban area is the first indication of success or achievement. Blow.

Another strategy that Nigerians believe will help them blow is to japa, our new alubarika. Due to the widespread problems affecting the country, such as unemployment, insecurity, and financial hardship, Nigeria is facing a brain drain in all sectors as young and older people emigrate. As a street person, you might think someone don blow if you hear they have relocated abroad or have gone to study abroad. Japa can make you blow, even bloat you! If you can successfully navigate the immigration process to leave the country, you’re good to go. Two months after you land in Saskatchewan or Houston, you have acquired a Highlander. Take many photos and post them on Facebook, include some Instagram videos or jump on some Tiktok trends, and you don blow!

You can blow a matter with your big mouth. This indicates that a secret has been revealed or that more people are now aware of an issue that only a few people were meant to be privy to. If such happens, it means the matter don blow. To blow in academia is to become a big brand and a well-established scholar, winning grants and carving a niche for yourself in research and other academic engagements. Professor don blow. If you become a Vice-Chancellor, you don blow pass all others! Shey VC wa kere ni!?

READ  ALSO: Shanty Town: Mike Bamiloye Hits Hard At Nollywood Actors

However, to blow in Nigeria, you need “grace”, which has been attributed to providence or blessings from God. Even if dem cut soap for you, you fit no blow if babu grace. In such a situation, keep at your hustle and be grateful for each day because, as Asake sang in “Dupe”, “cause you no get today no mean e too far” ( . Relax, you sef go soon blow, and when you do, just play over and over Kizz Daniel’s “RTID” for thanksgiving:

Falola is a Nigerian historian and professor of African Studies. He is currently the Jacob and Frances Sanger Mossiker Chair in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin.


Read more authentic news on our social media platforms

Continue Reading

Top Stories

%d bloggers like this: