Rivers Governor Nyesom Wike has been urged to review the curfew he imposed on the state.
The appeal came from Dimm Uche Okwukwu, Deputy President General of Ohanaeze Ndigbo Worldwide, who wrote an open letter to Wike.
In the letter addressed to the governor, Okwukwu asked Wike to kindly reconsider the 7:00p.m.-6:00 a.m. lockdown recently declared in the state.
Wike had during a statewide broadcast on May 10, 2021 said that the criminals responsible for the killings were from Obigbo.
He had said: “We have reviewed the way and manner the recent attacks were executed and discovered that the perpetrators, who disguised themselves as security officers, moved in unhindered from Oyigbo to launch the attack.”
The Ohanaeze Ndigbo chieftain, in the letter, wondered how the governor could come up with such conclusions even without a proper investigation, adding that Wike should not see the Igbo as his enemies.
Okwukwu’s open letter reads in full: “Your Excellency, writing you is a difficult task considering that at the micro level I am Ikwerre; but at the macro level I am Igbo. You are also Ikwerre and the theater of this violence is Ikwerreland. Isiokpo, Omagwa, Choba and Elimgbu are all in Ikwerreland. I am from Elele in the Ikwerre Local Government Area, LGA; the very first LGA where our brave law enforcement agents were killed. Their murders are completely unacceptable, condemnable and barbaric.
“I commiserate with the bereaved families while praying for the peaceful repose of the souls of the departed. My solidarity is with the government and people of Rivers in their struggle against terror. The perpetrators must be arrested and made to face justice. The Civil Defence, police, Department of State Services, DSS, and other law agencies must be empowered to carry out detailed investigations with a view to arresting and prosecuting the culprits.
“For record purposes, it is unacceptable that our amiable Governor Wike, the first governor to receive in 2017 the newly elected National Executive Committee, NEC, of Ohanaeze, asserted in his 10th May 2021 broadcast that the criminals responsible for the killings were from Obigbo. Your Excellency had said, ‘We have reviewed the way and manner the recent attacks were executed and discovered that the perpetrators, who disguised themselves as security officers, moved in unhindered from Oyigbo to launch the attack.’
“Geo-strategically speaking, I am not questioning the wisdom of the governor as he is the Chief Security Officer, CSO, of the state with access to intelligence reports. What I question is the rationale, the reason, behind his assertion.
“From Obigbo to Isiokpo is about an hour’s drive. From Obigbo to Abua is about two hours’ drive. How could assailants in the dead of the night drive from Obigbo to Isiokpo, given all the security checkpoints in between, and kill security officers before escaping undetected? How could assailants drive from Obigbo to Abua, kill soldiers and escape without being apprehended? How many checkpoints exist between the two points? That is what I question. Let it not be that Your Excellency has resorted to profiling and labelling.
“I am not saying it is not possible that the killers came from Obigbo. In the circumstances, however, it is difficult to convince the ordinary man in the street. Profiling and labelling were the order of the day during the EndSARS protest when Obigbo was completely locked down; a lockdown that claimed the lives of children, women and the elderly from sheer hunger, dislocation and frustration. So this profiling, labelling and pre-judicial condemnation must be rejected by all well-meaning Igbos, Nigerians and men of good conscience because they have a background. The background is that Your Excellency has been provoked by some elements in Obigbo in the past.
“As an Igbo leader, I do not agree with Your Excellency’s profiling and labelling. A more detailed investigation into these killings should be carried out before anyone can safely point a finger at where the killers emanated. The security agencies must be allowed to do their job in unravelling the mysteries behind these attacks. Assuming, without conceding, that the hoodlums were from Obigbo, were they still responsible for the havocs in Akwa Ibom, Ebonyi, Anambra and Imo? The answer is no. So there is more than meets the eyes.
” am curious that these killings occurred in the wake of the establishment of the Eastern Security Network, ESN, by the Indigenous People of Biafra, IPOB, and Ebubeagu by the five governors of the South East. It is my contention that the Igbo society is kindred and community- based. You cannot establish a security outfit without involving the town unions, chiefs, youth leaders, community and women leaderships.
“The only security arrangement that can work is the one that is bottom to top and not top to bottom. The British reaped frustration when they tried putting up political structures from top to bottom. That led to the Aba Women’s Riots of 1929. The British never understood the Igbo society. Our political structure is kinship structure where people gather to take decisions affecting their community.
“So the ESN is a fundamental mistake bearing in mind that IPOB never consulted the socio-anthropological structures before establishing it. The south East governors, who should have known better with all their special advisers and commissioners versed in Igbo history and culture, also made the same mistake. That explains why both the ESN and Ebubeagu are not working.
“What we are seeing in Igboland is an implosion. It is this implosion that made the IPOB leadership believe that the extra-judicial murder of one of its commanders was authorized by the South East governors. This led to retaliations. Instead of security, the establishment of ESN and Ebubeagu has led to greater insecurity. Who is the enemy now that we fight ourselves?
“Igboland is commerce-trade-dominated in what I call “Akpata erie,” or survival-on-a- daily-basis. In Rivers we have a 7:00 p.m.-6:00a.m. curfew. That is unacceptable because a lot of people depend on the “Mama-put” they sell in the evening between 6:00p.m.-10:00p m. Also, those who lost their jobs use their private cars to do “Kabu-kabu” in the evening. Right now this support economy does not exist because of the curfew; and with it hardship.
“Mr Governor, I fear violence because its first victim is the oppressed. Revolution is a double-edged sword. The revolutionary and those he leads into rebellion may perish if their struggle is not properly managed. The alleged oppressor will escape the inferno only to reappear after the conflagration to create a new order from the ruins of the old. So we must be careful.
“The alleged Fulani herdsmen responsible for all the killings are today being excused. We are now fighting ourselves. The governors are under threats. Policemen are under threats. Politicians are under threats. Students are being kidnapped. Is that how we are going to win the presidency in 2023? That is my genuine fear.
“Governor Wike, I have three prayers worth your esteemed attention: One, Ndigbo in Port Harcourt are not fighting you. From Eleme, Onne, Choba, etc, Igbos rush home at dusk in obedience to your curfew. If they are confrontational the majority of them would openly defy you. But they are obeying you not minding the hardship your curfew inflicts on them.
“My message to both Igbos and non-Igbos, therefore, is for them to continue to support their own governor in these trying moments. None must undermine the mandate Rivers people gave him to modernize their state. Anyone with useful information on these attacks should talk to the Rivers Police Command.
“Two, I appeal to His Excellency, Governor Wike, to kindly reconsider the lockdown. Any curfew from 7:00p.m.-6:00a.m. is no longer curfew but a lockdown of eleven hours. This is bad for socio-economic activities of a people who for the better part of 2020 were under global lockdown.
“And three, Your Excellency should stop making inflammatory statements capable of dividing us and tensing Rivers the more. It is unacceptable for His Excellency to say, for example, that those who carried out an attack are from the Ikwerre LGA even before a formal investigation is done. Allow the security agencies to investigate and arrest possible suspects. Their findings will then be handed over to you as the CSO. The Ministry of Justice to charge and prosecute those indicted is under you. But Your Excellency cannot be the investigator and prosecutor in your own case.
“In conclusion, sir, I put it on record that Governor Wike is one of few governors to appoint a non-indigene as full commissioner. That is the whole truth. Your Excellency appointed Emeka Onowu, a non-indigene, as commissioner. This lofty record of yours must never be tarnished in this eleventh hour. For instance, if one does good for three years only to start doing bad in the last four months of his office, people may forget the good things he did and judge him by the bad ones. Your Excellency should maximize what you are doing very well while minimizing any apparent mistake like this 7:00p.m.-6:00a.m. curfew.
“None on the platform of the Peoples Democratic Party, PDP, can dispute that Governor Wike is a possible presidential, or vice presidential, candidate. If so, Your Excellency will need the block votes of the South East and South South to get an edge over your opponents in the PDP primary. Your predecessor, His Excellency Chibuike Rotimi Amaechi, is another strong presidential candidate on the platform of the All Progressives Congress, APC.
“We wish both of you luck. We also wish other contenders luck. But if we do not get it right, we will only end up reducing ourselves to a laughing stock. You cannot antagonize a people and still expect them to give you their votes in an election. Thank you, sir.”
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Socio-cultural And Economic Strides Of Anioma
By Augustine Anonyai Ojei
The Anioma people are found in the Northern senatorial district of the present Delta State, originally (at Independence (1960) part of Western Region before the creation of Mid- Western Region in August, 1963.
Rt. Hon. (Chief) Barr. Dennis Osadebay (native of Asaba), one-time Acting Governor General of Nigeria, was the first and only Premier of the then Mid-West Region.
Anioma still remained part of that entity renamed Bendel State in 1976. Anioma constituted one of the five Senatorial Districts (Bendel East) of the defunct Bendel State.
At creation, Delta State which crystalized from the division of the defunct Bendel State into Edo and Delta States, Anioma became part of the newly created Delta state in August 1991, and had the privilege of hosting the State capital in Asaba.
In the geo-political configuration of Delta State, Anioma (called Delta North) is made up of nine out of the 25 local government areas of the state as follows : Aniocha North, Aniocha South, Ika North East (which produced the immediate past Executive Governor Dr. Ifeanyi Okowa), Ika South, Ndokwa East, Ndokwa West, Oshimili North, Oshimili South and Ukwani Local Government areas.
Anioma people are linguistically of different ethnic backgrounds. There are communities within it that trace their origins to Benin, for instance, the Ezechime Clan, Aboh, Agbor, Owa, etc. Other trace theirs to the East ,majorly Nri (some Isu and Nteje, ecetra). These communities include Ogwashi-Uku, Ibusa, Okpanam (which according to tradition have some with different origins), Asaba (in part- Nteje) and some others trace their roots to Igala in present-day Kogi State. These communities include largely Ebu, and partly Asaba and Illah. Some other communities in Anioma,for instance Eko efun (popularly called Ukwu’Nzu, and Odiani communities who speak Olukunmi; a variant of Yoruba language) trace their origin to Ile-Ife and Owo. The same with the Ubulus which claim similar origin and linkage to Ile-Ife ,though with counter linkage claims between them and Afor in Ndokwa.
What can be rightly deduced from these diverse accounts of the origins, is that various communities in Anioma must have likely evolved from the aforementioned language groups. What is equally clear is that various Anioma communities or groups have their spoken dialects with strong linkages to Ibo/ Igbo languages for which reason Anioma dialects are largely grouped as part of Ibo language in Nigeria.
The Anioma people, thus culturally appear to be caught in between her brethren in the East and her geopolitical brothers and sisters in Midwest, now called Edo and Delta States. Music with its emotional soul-lifting attributes is another area Anioma people are known for.
As part of its cultural heritage, Anioma people hold to the highest esteem among others the following values, prominent among which is Eziokwu-bundu (truth is life), put in other words “honesty is the best policy”.
This is complemented by other values such as:
-Respect for the elderly,
-Respect for the healthy family life,
-Respect for hard work (dignity in labour),
-Sanctity of life, – Sanctity of marriage,
-Reverence to God Almighty (Chukwu), etc.
The native attires often adorned by Anioma men and women is white, popularly called “Akwa-Ocha” or Otuogwu. These clothes and related costumes are worn as ceremonial dresses, especially in major ceremonies,such as marriages,burial of the elderly and other major cultural or traditional ceremonies.
These dresses are classy and stand out anyone that adorns them. Most Anioma towns celebrate their annual festivals between the months of August and December every year. Such festivals include Ine , Ogbanigbe, Igwue, Ofala, New Yam, etc. In most of these communities, burial ceremonies of any form are suspended until the expiration of the period of festivities.
Social-political And Economic Spheres
Several Anioma indigenes have contributed ,and many are still contributing to the socio-political and even economic development of Nigeria. We may wish to note that at Independence (1960) Lt Commander O.Z Chiazor was recorded to be one of the most senior military officers in the then Nigerian Navy under whose command the Union Jack (British flag) was lowered on October 1, 1960.
Similar notables include Ms. Helen Anyamelune (Ugbodu) who was Miss Nigeris 1958; the highly celebrated Ms. Rosemary Anieze-Adams (Onicha-Olona) who was Miss Nigeria at Independence 1960, Mrs. Clara Ifeoma Okwechime (nee Emefiene), wife of Rtd Col. (Chief) Micheal Nduka Okwechime (one of the founding fathers of the Nigerian Army). Ms. Rita Anuku (Ika) was crowned Miss Nigeria in 1986. Mention must be made of Reverend Father Paul Obodochina Emecheta, the first West African to be ordained a Catholic Priest, 1928.
In the same vein, honour and reverence must be given to the late Rt Rev. (Dr) Samuel Wadie Martins, D.Litt (Honorary Causa), pioneer Baptist Missionary/Evangelist, who saw to the in-planting of Baptist missionary churches throughout the old Benin and Delta Provinces between 1922 when he returned from USA, till his death in 1976. He saw to the establishment of Baptist Primary Schools in most towns including Asaba, Warri and Benin-City. The same for the establishment of Baptist Hospital, Eku, Baptist Girls High School, Agbor, Pilgrims Baptist Grammar School, Ewohimi, Pilgrims Baptist Grammar school, Issele-Uku, Pilgrims Baptist Teachers Training College as well as the Technical College in Issele-uku, and Baptist High school, Benin -City, among others.
Anioma people are traditionally agrarian, vast in the production of food crops and livestock. Those in the riverine areas ply their trade in fishing and pottery, others generally in traditional cloth making.
This is aside from their great academic attainments in the educational sphere. Many Aniomans are found in the corporate world contributing to national economic development, be it in academics, banking, marketing communication, insurance, real sector/manufacturing industry, public service, non-governmental services, informal sector and the diaspora.
Many mini and micro enterprises have sprung up in Anioma area since the advent of this millennium. Asaba, the state capital and its environs are continually witnessing transformation. Towns like Agbor, Kwale, Okpanam, Obiaruku, Owa, Ogwashi-Uku and others have notably improved in terms of physical infrastructure. There is a clarion call for investment in the area. We welcome the establishment of the Dennis Osadebay University in Asaba, and University of Delta, Agbor. These in addition to earlier existing tertiary institutions in the area will boost socio-economic and educational development in Delta State and the nation at large .The establishment of a Federal University of Health Science in Kwale, is equally a welcomed development.
Our Appeal To Government
We would like to use this medium to passionately appeal to the Delta State as well as the Edo State and Anambra State governments where exist some Anioma people, to take greater interest in infrastructural development in these areas. These include roads, utilities, health and educational facilities.
We also appeal to the Federal Government to establish an industrial hub in Anioma area. The creation of an Export Processing Zone in Illah, Ugbolu, Asaba, Oko, Ewulu, Isheagu, Amai and Aboh/Ndosimili axes of Delta State to boost industrial development which will induce the venturing into the production of goods, that could be exported, and earn foreign exchange for the nation, will be economically worthwhile. The Warri, Sapele and Koko Sea ports would form a good linkage to the proposed processing zone. The multiplier effects this will achieve are better imagined.
Let me at this junction thank the Executives of Nji’ko Ndi Anioma, especially the President, a worthy comrade and champion of Anioma cause, Obuzor Chuks-Smith and his very visionary team. I join everyone in commending their efforts.
God bless them;
God bless Anioma;
God bless Delta state;
God bless Lagos state;
God bless Nigeria.
.Being a lecture delivered during the 2023 General Assembly of Njiko Ndi Anioma in Lagos on September 24, by Chief Augustine Anonyai Ojei, Ugwu’Eze Issele-Azagba; Ugwu’Anioma; member, Institute of Chartered Accountants of Nigeria.
Abiodun Flags Off Aviation Village, Says Project Will Complement Cargo Airport
Ogun State Governor, Prince Dapo Abiodun, on Tuesday flagged off the construction of 200 units of two-bedroom expanded bungalows, at the Gateway Aviation Village, located at Iperu in Ikenne Local Government Area of the State.
He said the project was divided into two phases, with the first 100 units ready in six months.
The governor, who was represented by the Special Adviser on Housing, Jagunmolu Jamiu Omoniyi, said the project would herald the creation of a new city in the town and would serve the entire Remo cluster and the state in general.
According to the governor, the siting of the housing scheme would serve institutions and people who will make use of the Gateway Agro-Cargo Airport, noting government agencies like the Customs, the Nigerian Air Force and corporate bodies, have already indicated interest in the airport.
He added that the project would create jobs for about 5,000 artisans of various skills in the course of execution of the project.
The governor said: “This is the people’s project. This housing scheme will complement the airport and serve those who will work in this town. I can assure you that within two years, the story of this town will change. We will not engage outsiders to work in this estate, but the people of this town.
“We have done similar projects at Kemta, Idi-Aba and Kobape. The siting of a similar housing estate has changed the landscape of Kobape which was a village before to a lively city.”
He called on prospective buyers to start the process by obtaining their forms, charging the people to support and take ownership of the project for the development of the town.
On behalf of the Alaperu of Iperu, Oba Idowu Basibo, Ebi Idena, Oba Lukman Salami, expressed delight that the project is being sited in his domain.
In his remarks, the Chairman of Ikenne Local Government Area, Mr. Segun Ogunleye, expressed gratitude to the governor, saying with the siting of the housing estate and the cargo airport, the development of the town is assured.
Also, the Chairman of Ogun State Park Management Service, Engr. Wale Yusuf, said the project would change the face of the town for good, urging the indigenes to support it.
BREAKING: NLC, TUC Declare Indefinite Strike
Workers under the auspices of the Nigeria Labour Congress (NLC) and the Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUC) are set to begin an indefinite strike on Tuesday, October 3.
The announcement came after a joint press briefing held by both leaders of the union in Abuja, the nation’s capital on Tuesday (today).
The unions also asked their state chapters to mobilize for protests across the country .
The leaders of the two labour centres have resolved their differences that made only NLC embark on a two-day warning strike without the participation of TUC.
According to the notice of meeting signed by the NLC Secretary, Emmanuel Ugboaja, the meeting is holding virtually.
Meanwhile, the Minister of Labour and Employment, Simon Lalong has appealed to the NLC leadership to shelve the planned strike, assuring them that the Federal Government is determined to address the concerns raised.
The minister also noted that one of the major demands of the NLC in their last meeting has been met, which has to do with the release of the leadership of the Nigeria Union of Road Transport workers.
A statement signed by the spokesman of the ministry, Olajide Oshundu, urged the workers’ unions to give the government a little more time to address other issues.
On Tuesday, September 5 and Wednesday 6, 2023, NLC embarked on a two-day warning strike to force the government to address the mass suffering of Nigerians, especially workers.
Sources privy to the matter said the two sides after their separate organs’ meetings, commenced a joint press briefing at 3 p.m. on Tuesday to announce an indefinite nationwide strike following the Federal Government’s failure to address the suffering and other socioeconomic hardships occasioned by the removal of subsidy on Premium Motor Spirit (PMS), commonly known as petrol.
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