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Inclusive Education and Persons Living with Intellectual Disability in Nigeria

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Inclusive Education and Persons Living with Intellectual Disability in Nigeria

By

Ijeoma Fynecontry

While there has been so much emphasis on free and compulsory primary/secondary education for all, limited attention has been paid to the educational needs of persons living with intellectual disability. One of the challenges facing persons living with disability in Nigeria is access to qualitative education.

Unfortunately, in most of the states in Nigeria, there are no formal structures to address the educational needs of disabled children especially those living with intellectual disability.

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has clearly outlined the duties and responsibilities of states. Under Article 24(1) of the convention, states are enjoined to:
“….recognize the right of persons with disabilities to education. With a view to realising this right without discrimination and on the basis of equal opportunity, State parties shall ensure an inclusive education system at all levels and lifelong learning directed to: The full development of human potential and sense of dignity and self-worth, and the strengthening of respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and human diversity;

The development by persons with disabilities of their personality, talents and creativity, as well as their mental and physical abilities, to their fullest potential;
Enabling persons with disabilities to participate effectively in a free society.”

Nigeria signed this Convention on May 30, 2007 and ratified it on 24th of September 24, 2010. Thus, it is the responsibility of the Nigerian state to provide inclusive education for its citizens living with intellectual disability in order to guarantee their fullest development and effective participation in the society.

READ ALSO; Dealing With Procrastination

Article 24(2) further enjoined States parties to ensure that: “
Persons with disabilities are not excluded from the general education system on the basis of disability, and that children with disabilities are not excluded from free and compulsory primary education or from secondary education, on the basis of disability;

Persons with disabilities can access an inclusive, quality and free primary education and secondary education on an equal basis with others in the communities in which they live;
Reasonable accommodation of the individual’s requirements is provided;
Persons with disabilities receive the support required, within the general education system, to facilitate their effective education;

Effective individualized support measures are provided in environments that maximize academic and social development, consistent with the goal of full inclusion.

Inclusive education stands for education that includes everyone, both persons without disability and differently abled people. It is a model of education that embraces those with special educational needs, getting them to learn together in mainstream schools or other places of learning.

 

The key factor here is togetherness. Thus, inclusive education contemplates a class equipped to teach both the child with special or additional needs and the regular child within the same classroom.

It is commendable that Lagos State is making efforts to ensure inclusive education for its residents living with various disabilities especially those with intellectual disability.

However, an examination of the situation shows that there is still a lot to be done. The inclusive education model still falls short of the expected United Nations and international standard.

The Lagos State model only allows the students with intellectual disability attend different school but within the same premises with the regular learners. There is no adequate provision of the necessary special learning tools directly benefiting persons living with intellectual disability to ensure and encourage effective learning for them. This is far from the contemplation and the spirit of the United Nations Convention On disabilities and the protocols.

A lot of work still needs to be done to make the educational system really inclusive and ensure that children with intellectual disability can access full and quality education on an equal basis with others in their communities.

Fynecontry is the legal resource person with the Down Syndrome Foundation of Nigeria.

 

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Full List Of 52 Stations Shut By NBC

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Full List Of 52 Stations Shut By NBC

By John Michael Ojo
The National Broadcasting Commission (NBC), on Friday, took a drastic measure towards 52 broadcast stations across the country over an incurred debt of about N2.6 billion.

Among the broadcast outfits which were asked to shut down their operations are: the African Independent Television (AIT), Silverbird Television and the broadcasting corporations of various state governments.

While briefing journalists on the development, at the commission’s headquarters in Abuja, the  Director-General of NBC, Balarabe Ilelah, said all the television and radio stations affected must halt operations in the next 24 hours.

READ ALSO: NBC Shuts Down AIT, Silverbird, Others

See full list:

1. Silverbird TV (Silverbird Communications Co. Ltd)
2. Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communications Ltd) FM Abuja
3 Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communications Ltd) FM Lagos
4. Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communications Ltd) FM Yenagoa
5. Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communications Ltd) FM Port-Harcourt
6. Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communications Ltd) FM Jos
7. Rhythm FM (Silverbird Communication Ltd) Benin
8. AIT/Ray Power FM (DAAR Communication Itd) Network
9. Greetings FM (Greetings Media Ltd) FM Network
10. Tao FM (Ovidi Communications Ltd) FM Okene
11. Zuma FM (Zuma FM Ltd) FM Suleja
12. Crowther FM (Crowther Communications Ltd) FM Abuja
13. We FM (Kings Broadcasting Ltd) FM Benin
14. Linksman International Itd Keffi
15. Bomay Broadcasting Services Itd Abuja
16. MTV (Murhi International Group Ltd) Ibadan
17. Classic FM (Pinkt Nigeria Ltd) Port-Harcourt
18. Classic FM (Pinkt Nigeria Ltd) Lagos
19. Classic TV (Pinkt Nigeria Ltd) Lagos
20. Beat FM (Megalectrics LTD) Lagos
21. Cooper Communications Itd Lagos
22. Splash FM (West Midlands Ltd) Ibadan
23. Rock City FM (Boot Communications Ita) Abeokuta
24. Family FM (Kalaks Investments Nig. Ltd) Ilugun
25.Space FM (Creazioni Nig. Ltd) Ibadan
26. Radio Jeremi (Radio Jeremi Itd) Effurun

READ ALSO: After EFCC Hunt For Tompolo, Buhari Awards Him N4b Monthly Pipeline Surveillance Contract

27. Breeze FM (Bays Water Itd) Akure
28. Vibes FM (Vibes Communication Itd) Benin
29.Family Love FM (Multimesh Broadcasting Co. Ltd) Port-Harcourt
30. Wave FM (South Atlantic Media Itd) Port-Harcourt
31. Kogi State Broadcasting Corporation
32. State Broadcasting Corporation
33. Niger State Broadcasting Corporation
34. Gombe State Broadcasting Corporation
35. Lagos State Broadcasting Corporation
36. Lagos DSB
37. Osun State Broadcasting Corporation
38. Ogun State Broadcasting Corporation
39. Ondo State Broadcasting Corporation
40. Rivers State Broadcasting Corporation
41. Bayelsa State Broadcasting Corporation
42. Cross River State Broadcasting Corporation
43. Imo State Broadcasting Corporation
44. Anambra State Broadcasting Corporation
45. Borno State Broadcasting Corporation
46. Yobe State Broadcasting Corporation
47. Sokoto State Broadcasting Corporation
48. Zamfara State Broadcasting Corporation
49. Kebbi State Broadcasting Corporation
50. Jigawa State Broadcasting Corporation
51. Kaduna State Broadcasting Corporation
52. Katsina State Broadcasting Corporation

 

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NBC Shuts Down AIT, Silverbird, Others

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Full List Of 52 Stations Shut By NBC

The National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) has shut down the African Independent Television (AIT), Silverbird Television and broadcasting corporations run by various state governments.

The NBC which ordered that these stations should stop their operations within the next 24 hours disclosed that they are owing debts amounting to at least N2.6 billion.

The Director-General of the NBC, Balarabe Ilelah, disclosed this to journalists at the commission’s headquarters in Abuja.

According to the NBC, all the television and radio stations affected must halt operations in the next 24 hours.

READ ALSO: NBC Queries Channels TV Over Inciting Interview With Ortom

He noted that the stations owe a total of N2.6 billion; adding that some of the stations affected have not renewed their licences since 2015.

“This is the first batch, there are those who have not renewed their licences since 2015, 2016 and 2017. We are asking them to come and pay their licence fees,” he said.

He warned that all stations that have not renewed their licences should do so in 30 days to avoid sanctions.

 

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After EFCC Hunt For Tompolo, Buhari Awards Him N4b Monthly Pipeline Surveillance Contract

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After EFCC Hunt For Tompolo, Buhari Awards Him N4b Monthly Pipeline Surveillance Contract

After the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) declared Government Ekpemupolo, popularly known as Tompolo wanted some years ago, President Muhammadu Buhari has awarded him a pipeline surveillance contract.

The former militant leader was the Commander of the defunct Movement for Emancipation of Niger Delta (MEND).

The deal is described as a renewal as Tompolo got a similar deal during the Goodluck Jonathan administration.

The government and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) Limited agreed to engage Tompolo to end illegal bunkering, illegal refining and oil theft in Niger-Delta communities.

It is a reversal of the initial stance which saw the cancellation of the contract months after President Buhari assumed office.

According to a source close to Tompolo, the current deal is worth over N4billion monthly.

“Before the cancellation of his contract, the arrangements he put in place tackled illegal bunkering and increased production quota to over two million barrels per day.

“But the new government cancelled the contract, declared him wanted and he was later exonerated of all wrongdoings.

READ ALSO: Tompolo Gives Govt Ultimatum On NDDC Board, Accuses Akpabio Of Undermining Agency

“They have realised the need to bring him back because currently, the country is losing over 500,000 barrels per day to illegal bunkering”, he said.

The new deal was brokered by the Minister of State for Petroleum, Timipre Sylva and top NNPC top officials, including the Group Executive Director, Upstream, Adokiye Tombomelye.

After the signing, Tompolo presided over a meeting in his Oporoza home in Gbaramatu Kingdom, Delta State, on Wednesday.

In attendance were ex-presidents of Ijaw Youths Council (IYC) Worldwide, Chris Ekiyor, Udengs Eradiri and Eric Omare

Others were priests of Egbesu, Ijaw religious organisation, led by Apostle Bodmas Kemepadei; leaders of Niger Delta youth groups, heads of cult groups.

The rest were former MEND commanders – Eris Paul, aka General Oguboss; Pius Wareyal, aka General Pius; Joshua Macaiver, Pastor Reuben Wilson, Young Shall Grow – and second phase “generals”.

In 2016, the EFCC declared Tompolo, wanted.

The anti-graft agency in an advertorial signed by its Head of Media and Publicity, Wilson Uwujaren, said it declared Tompolo wanted following two bench warrants issued against him by a Federal High Court in Lagos, where he had been charged with N45.9bn fraud.

In the said advertorial which carried a photograph of Tompolo, the EFCC described him as a 47-year-old, dark-complexioned man from Okerenkoko, Gbaramotu Kingdom in the Warri South-West Local Government Area.

 

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